This month in history.

Position:Compass 06/2009: News and views from around the world


On 12 June 1964, Nelson Mandela, the leader of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa was jailed for life for sabotage. Mandela--a lawyer by training--told the court: "I do not deny that ! planned sabotage. I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness nor because I have any love of violence. I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitation and oppression of my people by the whites."


On 10 June 1967, Israel ended its six-day war with Egypt in observation of a UN ceasefire, and halted their advance on Syria. During the course of the conflict, Israeli troops took territory many times larger than Israel itself, including Syria's Golan Heights and Israeli troops occupied the holy city of Jerusalem for the first time since 1948. The Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eshkol justified the pre-emptive strike on Egypt, and battles with Jordanian and Syrian forces saying his country was acting in self-defence.


On 9 June 1970, King Hussein of Jordan escaped a gunman's bullet. He survived the assassination attempt after gunmen opened fire on his motorcade. The King, who was unharmed, is reported to have jumped out of his car and fired back at his attackers. The shooting followed two days of fighting between Palestinian guerrillas and Jordanian troops in and around Amman in which up to 400 people were killed.


On 13 June 1978, Israeli troops completed their withdrawal from southern Lebanon, Operation Litani, handing over many of their positions to the right-wing...

To continue reading