THE HEALTH INDUSTRY COMPRISES all firms directly involved in the production and promotion of health care. These include all firms (both public and private) operating in the health market and are involved in the manufacturing of health products, provision of health care, health enhancing services and generation of knowledge in support of health.
The health industry as a new concept has not been recognised or analysed. The capacity of the local manufacturing industry is under-utilised and the potential of Ghana's herbal and traditional medicines is largely untapped.
The role of this industry in wealth creation is in sustaining health services and creating jobs.
The overall aim of the health sector is to promote healthy lifestyles and reduce risk factors that arise from environmental, economic, social and behavioural causes.
A major prerequisite for a healthy population is how individuals, families and communities take care of themselves and the environment. Information with the specific aim of empowering people to make the right choice for healthy living has been seen as critical. The main disease burden of the country demonstrates a preponderance of diseases resulting from neglect of basic environmental practices and changes in dietary habits, physical activities and adoption of life threatening behaviour.
The structure of Ghana's health industry consists of the following:
* Health Services
* Communicable Disease Control
* Non Communicable Disease Control
* Reproductive and Sexual Health
* Accident and Emergency Services
* Clinical Care
* Traditional and Alternative Medicine Practice
The national health vision is to attain middle income status with US$1,000 per capita by the year 2015 by creating wealth through health.
Infrastructure and resources
All regional capitals and most districts have hospitals, polyclinics and clinics. Two teaching hospitals in Accra and Kumasi have facilities for treating special cases. Additionally, a number of religious organisations and private medical practitioners operate hospitals and clinics all over the country. Herbal medicine and psychic healing are also generally practised, while a special government Herbal Medicine Hospital and Research Centre exists at Akwapim-Mampong.
The national health care expenditure as a percentage of GDP growth has been increasing steadily over the years, reaching its highest in 2009. The national health care agenda as enshrined in the Five Year...