In April 2019, protesters in Sudan successfully ousted the regime that had governed Sudan for almost three decades. It started via social media by calls to all Sudanese to rush into the streets and make their voices heard.
Soon, peaceful demonstrations spread out everywhere in Sudan, guided by young Sudanese who demanded political, economic and social change.
In 1956, Sudan became the first African country to gain independence after the Second World War. Ironically, it was the first African country to enter a civil war. Hundreds of thousands lost their lives in this war on both sides --south and north.
It was the longest civil war in Africa and resulted eventually in the separation of Sudan into the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan.
Darfur region was another challenge for the Sudanese. Almost the size of France, Darfur has been a spot for tension for decades, with a hundred thousand people dying in the ongoing conflict.
Social and cultural as well as tribal factors have played major roles in enflaming wars in Sudan.
Sudan is a multicultural and diversified society. The Sudanese nation consists of a large number of ethnic groups with different features, languages, values, and traditions. The population is a mixture of Arabs and Africans, although there has been a long history of intermarriage between the two.
But although the national slogan in Sudan is 'Unity in Diversity', the political establishment and the elites failed to apply this as a successful tool and to practise it in real life.
Since Sudan's Independence in 1956, tribalism has played a significant role in politics and people's lives. Governance, access, and control over land have been centralised in the capital, Khartoum, while other regions in the East, West and South have been marginalised.
As a result, divisions have deepened among a nation of different social characteristics and the slogan 'Unity in Diversity' has become mere ink on paper!
Today, near the military HQ...