South Africa the men who sent Mandela to jail.

Position:For the Record - Nelson Mandela, the American CIA and George Herbert Walker Bush

Question: How did the apartheid police get Nelson Mandela on 5 August 1962? Answer: He was shopped by the American CIA. That deed earned Mandela 27 years in prison. This extract is from the new updated edition of William Blum's, Rogue State.

"When Nelson Mandela was released from prison in February 1990, President George Bush [Snr] personally telephoned the black South African leader to tell him that all Americans were "rejoicing at his release". This was the same Nelson Mandela who was imprisoned for almost 28 years because the CIA tipped off South African authorities as to where they could find him.

And this was the same George Bush who was once the head of the CIA and who for eight years was second in command of an administration whose CIA and National Security Agency collaborated closely with the South African intelligence service, providing information about Mandela's ANC.

The ANC was a progressive nationalist movement whose influence had been felt in other African countries, accordingly it had been perceived by Washington as being part of the legendary International Communist Conspiracy.

In addition to ideology, other ingredients in the cooking pot that the US and South Africa both ate from were that the latter served as an important source of uranium for the US, and the US was South Africa's biggest supporter at the United Nations.

On 5 August 1962, Nelson Mandela had been on the run for 17 months when armed police at a roadblock outside Howick, Natal, flagged down a car in which he was pretending to be the chauffeur of a white passenger in the back seat.

How the police came to be there was not publicly explained. In late July 1986, however, stories appeared in three South African newspapers (picked up shortly thereafter by the London press and, in part, [the American] CBS-TV) which shed considerable light on the question.

The stories told of how a CIA officer, Donald C. Rickard by name, under cover as a consular official in Durban, had tipped off the Special Branch that Mandela would be disguised as a chauffeur in a car headed for Durban. This was information Rickard had obtained through an informant in the ANC.

One year later, at a farewell party for him in South Africa, at the home of the notorious CIA mercenary Colonel "Mad" Hoare, Rickard himself, his tongue perhaps loosened by spirits, stated in the hearing of some of those present that he had been due to meet Mandela on the fateful night, but tipped off the police instead...

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