On the evening of 27 February 1991, only hours before George W. Bush's father called a halt to Operation Desert Storm, two US Air Force F-111 bombers, callsigns Cardinal 1 and 2, dropped two 4,700-pound penetration bombs on an underground bunker near the Al Taji air base, northwest of Baghdad, which senior Iraqi commanders were known to use.
The huge bombs, known as GBU-28s, had been specially made to target Saddam Hussein and had arrived at Taif air base in Saudi Arabia from Florida aboard a giant C-141 transport only five hours earlier.
The raid was the Americans' last desperate bid to kill the Iraqi leader before the ceasefire took effect. Cardinal 1 swept in from the east and dropped its bomb, but it missed. Cardinal 2 scored a direct hit, destroying the bunker buried 15 metres underground, which earlier strikes with 2,000-pound "penetrators" had failed to knock out. Several hours later US military commanders learned that Saddam had not been in the bunker, as they had hoped.
Now, 12 years on, Saddam faces renewed attempts to kill him as George W. Bush picks up where his father left off. But this time, the game has changed. Bush the younger is out to wipe the slate clean and seems to be prepared to rid himself of the troublesome tyrant by any and all means. He wants Saddam out of the way, "dead or alive". He said the same thing about Osama bin Laden, but that nemesis still eludes the American president. Without Bin Laden's scalp on his belt, Saddam has become a convenient substitute. White House spokes- man Ari Fleischer made it abundantly clear on 1 October that the administration would be only too happy to see Saddam assassinated--by his own people, of course. US law prohibits the assassination of foreign leaders, but Fleischer's comments were the bluntest made by a senior administration official about the options of achieving "regime change" in Iraq without a war. Asked about congressional cost estimates of $9 billion-$13 billion for a war against Iraq, he said: "I can only say that the cost of a one-way ticket is substantially less than that. The cost of one bullet, if the Iraqi people take it upon themselves, is substantially less than that." He hastened to add: "This is not a statement of administration policy. The point is that if the Iraqis took matters into their own hands, no one around the world would shed a tear ... Regime change is welcome in whatever form it takes."
Whatever way Bush and his advisers put it, there seems...