Over the past two years, Egypt has supercharged its foreign policy agenda. Seen as an ally of the West and a key player in the Middle East, it is the biggest country in the Arab world, overseeing one of the most important waterways, the Suez Canal. Over this period there has been a definite rapprochement with its African neighbours. At the centre of all this has been Sameh Shoukry (pictured below), Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Republic of Egypt.
How do you see the role of diplomacy in terms of economic development?
To a great extent, the focus of diplomacy now is on issues related to development and how to create the best conditions in regard to taking advantage of productive political relations to provide an economic return for both sides.
This is how modern diplomacy is geared to respond to the actual, practical needs of people in relation to development, in relation to creating employment opportunities and greater investment volumes.
All this is certainly facilitated by a productive political relationship that can produce and generate momentum and the developmental side of any bilateral relationship--and multi-lateral relationships, for that matter.
Some say there has been a shift in the global balance of power from the West to the East. How does this affect your interactions with other countries?
We hope it will create greater competitiveness between the West and the East, thereby benefitting the developing world in attracting more investments and more synergies that can be productive for our developmental objectives--especially in the African continent.
We have been disadvantaged by a long history of our resources being taken out of Africa for the benefit of development in other parts of the world. It's about time that some of these past debts are paid up, that there is greater involvement and there is a potential of mutual gain.
It's not a one-way street, it can be rewarding, but there has to be greater commitment. It should not solely be a matter of lip service to Africa's developmental objectives and the occasional visit here and there, after which we return to a lack of true engagement.
In view of this, would you say there should be a greater emphasis on South-South relationships?
South-South is important and I think it can generate growth and development because of the interdependency and complementarity between many in the South and their ability to take advantage of that complementarity.
But there has to also be a...