Hearsay Evidence

Author:TA Abebe
Pages:115-144
 
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(HEARSAY EVIDENCE)
 A A
A A
ሚ ሚ ማ ጤ A  E ሎ ጩ  ጤ
ጨጧ  ሎ መ ሚ ጹ ማ  ሚ ሚ
ማ መ ሎ’ E ጩ ሎጹ ጢጩ ጩ Eጤ ጢ ሁ
መጹጩ ሚ ሚ ማ I  ጦ ጩ 
Aጹ? ሚጤ  ጢ ሁ     
መጹ መ ሎ’ Eጩ ሎ ሕ ሞ ጩ ጤ
 I... ሕመ ጩ ሕ ጦ Eሁጹ
///ሕ E ///ሕ Eሁጹ ጨሎ ሕ 
መጹጩ ጤ  /  ጹ ጩ ሚ
ሚ I ጩ Aጤ  ጤጹ ጤሚጤ  ሚ ሁጤ
A ጧ  ጩ I.... ሕመ A 20(4)
መሠ ጩ   ማ መ መ ጧ
መጣ I.... ጩ ሕ ጦጹ ጢ ጤሚ ሚ ሚ
ማ መጢ  (in principle)  E ጩ  ጩ
ሁ (exceptions)  ጩ Eጣ ማ Eሚጩ ሀ
ጹጩ
ሚ ሚ ማ ጤሙ ማ A ማ ሚ ሚ 
ሚሚ ማ I
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mlr.v6i1.4
መ ሎ” E ጩ ሎሕ  ጤ ሚ ሚ ማ ጤ Aሞ
Aጥ ሀጹ ጢ  መጤ ሕ ጤሙ ጤ Aሞ ጥ
መጢ  A ማ ጩ ሚ ጹመ ጧ ጧጤ  (fact) A
Eሁጹ ማ ጤመ    ጨጧ A ማ ጩ
ማጤ ማ  ጤማ A ጤ መጣ ማ ሕ E
ጩጤጤ መጣ Aጤ1 መ ሎ ማ ጩ Eጧ
ማ ሕ  ጤሚጹ ማ ጩ ሕ ጧ መሠ 
ማጹ A ጤ ማ ጩ ጤ ጣ A ጤ A
ል ል  ል ል (A.A.) LL.D Candidate   ሎ  ሕ
ምህ  ሕ Aማ ል ማም    ለህ ሁ  
መ ሚ AI Eሁም ማ ላ ሁለ ምሚ ()
 A E ሙ ለሆ ል Aመለሁ
Email <testigph@gmail.com>
1 Justice Alfredo L. Benipayo, (2004), “Evedence: Basic Principles and Selected
Problems” US Law Review, Vol. XLVIII, p. 94.
116 MIZAN LAW REVIEW Vol. 6 No.1, June 2012
ጨጤ ማ  ጤጹ መጣጹ A ማ ጩ E ጤ
A ጦ ጩ2
A ሚጤ  (logical) ጣ ሁ A  ጤማ ጹ
 ጤማ ሚጩ ጨ ጣ ጤA  A ማጸ ጧ ጤመ
ሚጩ ማመ  3 A ጤ ማ ማጤ A  ጤማ
ሚጩ   A ጹጸ E ሚ ማ4 ማጤ 5 መ
ሎ’ A ጤ ማ ጩ Eጣ ማ  (Rules of Evidence)
ጩጤጤ መጣ Aጤ6 መጣጹ መ ሎማ ሕ ጤ ማ A
ጩ  ጤሚ  A ማ A ጩ ማ ሕ
መሠ ጩ ሚ ሚጹ ሁ ማ ሕ ሚ  ጩ ሎ 
ጢ ጤ መጩ ማ A ጩ ሚመጤ  ሕ ጩ
ጤጣ ማ  ሚ  7
I ጤሚ ሚ ማ ጩ ጤ Aሞ ጥ ጣ ጢ ሁ 
ጧማጹ ጤ ሚ ሚ ማ ጩ ጤ ሕ  ጥ Aሞ ጹ
መጣ መመመ ሀ ጦ ሚ Aጹ ጹ መጹጩ Eጤ
A መ  ጤ  ሀ ጤ  መ ጩ  ጤ
ጸ ጢ ጹ ማ  ጧጤ ጹ A ማ 
ጧጤ  Eሁጹ ጤሙ ማ  ጧጤ ጩ A መጤ
ጧ መ ሎ’ E ጩ ሎጤ ሚ ሚ ማ ጥ 
Eመጹጤ መጹ ሚ ሚ ማ I ጹ Eሚመጩ
ጤመመመ ሀ  ጧ ጥ ሕ Eመጤጤ
ጢ ጩ  መመ ጤ ሚ ሚ ማ ጹ Eሁጹ ሚ ሚ ማ
ጨሎ ማ  ጧጤ  ጹጩ Eጤ
2 See generally Rymond N. Emson, (2006), Law of Evidence, (Palgrave Macmillan Law
Masters).
3 Bryan A. Garner, (2004), Blacks’ Law Dictionary, (8th Edition), (West & Thomas
Business), p. 1316.
4ማ›› /Evidence/ ሟ A Aማ ለ   
ሚ   Sideney Philipson (1963), Philipson on Evidence, p. 2. ሌላ
Aማማለ A   ላ ሟ  A E መሆ
ም ሠ ... ለ  ም  ለሚ Aል ሚ Aሊም
 ሚ   Henery Campbell Black (1968), Black’s Law Dictionary
(4th Rev.ed), p. 656 ህ ሜ Eምማሚለ ል A 
ለማ Aሊም  ለማ ሚል ማም  ማ  
5 See Emson, supra note 2.
6 Benipayo, supra note 1, p. 94.
7 ህ Aመል ሕ ምሁ Eመ ማ  ለ ህሊ   (ል
ሎ ሐ ሕ   ለ I ማ ሕ መሠ ሐ
መም መም 1996 ..  I ) ሆም  ማ  ማ Eሁም ሕ-
መ  ማ ለ A ም E ል ሌለ መሆ I....
ሕመ A 19(5) E ል ሕ ሊ 3.16.1 ምል

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