Martin Baxmeyer, Das ewige Spanien der Anarchie. Die anarchistische Literatur des Burgerkriegs (1936-1939) und ihr Spanienbild [The Eternal Spain of Anarchy. Anarchist Literature from the Civil War (1936-1939) and its Representation of Spain]
Berlin: Edition Tranvia Verlag Walter Frey, 2012. ISBN 978-3938944646.
'If the words "national socialism" had not acquired their current dreadful meaning', wrote Helmut Rudiger to Rudolf Rocker in July 1936, 'I would say that the CNT represents a national socialist movement; its connection with the international anarchosyndicalist movement is purely formal'. The complaint by Rudiger and many other foreign anarchists at their Spanish comrades' nationalism is corroborated by Martin Baxmeyer's study in the domain of literary production.
The anarchist literature of the civil war was not the realisation of the cultural utopia in the sense of a new type of free and collective praxis which updated and helped to disseminate anarchist ideologemes. [...] Libertarian civil war literature distanced itself significantly, both formally and in terms of content, from its ideological 'roots'. Instead, it was closer to pro-Francoist civil war literature, updating nationalist, colonialist and even racist theorems and creating its own Spanish myth. (p. 30) Over the next 500 pages, Baxmeyer provides evidence for his thesis, first discussing the anarchists' ideas about literature, then elaborating on the conditions of the production and reception of anarchist civil war literature, and finally analysing the image of Spain presented in such literature. He devotes a single chapter to the question of how a...