Eight months on from October 2018's Presidential elections, the political climate remains tense. Political leaders have been arrested, public freedoms are being restricted, civil war with the English-speaking separatist regions continues unabated, and inflation is rising, leading observers to remark that Cameroon is a country in crisis.
Currently, a solution seems to be some way off. One of the sources of the political unease has been the locking up of Maurice Kamto and his supporters in a prison in Yaounde, the country's capital.
Kamto was the runner-up in the October 2018 elections, earning 14% of the vote at the head of the Cameroon Renaissance Movement. However, he illegally declared himself President, and arranged illegal marches on 26 January to Erotest against the 'hold up' at the allot box that led to the victory of the incumbent, Paul Biya.
Kamto and his supporters stand accused of "insurrection, treason, rebellion and destruction of public property", and could face the death penalty. Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the EU and the US have called for them to be freed, but with no success.
The national unrest on such counts is further amplified by the ongoing war and human rights violations in the Northwest and Southwest regions. Since 2016, these areas, which are the primary English-speaking regions of the country, have been racked by conflict.
Separatists are seeking autonomy to better govern the regions, but Yaounde has responded by sending in the military. According to the International Crisis Group, nearly 2,000 civilians have been killed since hostilities began. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees estimates that 437,000 people have been driven from these areas to other parts of the country, while another 32,000 have fled to neighbouring Nigeria.