Tanzania's abundant mineral reserves have not been sufficiently exploited, even with the growing presence of global miners. A closer look reveals a series of developments that could well shoot the economy sky high.
Location: East African coast, just south of the Equator. It borders Kenya and Uganda in the north, DRCongo, Rwanda and Burundi in the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique in the south.
Size: 945,087 sq km or 364,900 sq miles (including 590,056 sq km of inland water). It is the largest country in East Africa, and about four times as large as the UK. It covers the same area as Belgium, France, Switzerland and Italy put together.
Capitals: Dar es Salaam (business), Dodoma (political).
Population: 46 million.
Type of government: Multiparty democracy.
Current president: Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (in power since 2005, having won 2 elections).
Independence Day(s): 9 December 1961 (Tanganyika independence). 10 December1963- (Zanzibar independence). 26 April union with Zanzibar. 29 October 1964- renamed the Republic of Tanzania.
Telephone: Country code 00 255. Email, internet: Country code tz
Language: Kiswahili (national) and English. Arabic widely spoken in Zanzibar. The country has 123 ethnic groups.
Religion: Mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%. Zanzibar--more than 99% Muslim.
Climate: Generally tropical in most areas, while there is a temperate climate in the highlands. June to September is the "cool" season; there are "long rains" from March to mid-June, "short rains" from Oct to December. The hottest months are between October and February.
Major cities and...