Comments on FAO's Achievements toward a Public Domain in Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Author:Robel Ephrem
Pages:368-378
 
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DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mlr.v7i12.7
Comments on FAO’s Achievements toward
a Public Domain in Plant Genetic Resources
for Food and Agriculture
Robel Ephrem
1. “Public Domain” in “PGRFAs”1: An Overview
I start this comment with the overview of “public domain” in relation to Plant
Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFAs). What is basically
challenged under arguments beneath the ‘public domain’ is the claim of
proprietary right by private entities over knowledge that is created or derived
Lecturer, School of Law, Dire Dawa University; (LL.B from Haramaya University in
2007, LL.M in Law in Development from University of Warwick, March 2011);
author can be reached at <reachrobel@yahoo.com>
1 Acronyms:
ABS
CBD
FAO
IPR(s)
ITPGRFA
IUPGR
MLS
MTAs
PGRs
PGFRAs
PVP
TRIPS
UPOV
WTO
Access and Benefit Sharing
Convention on Biological Diversity
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
Intellectual Property Right(s)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and
Agriculture
International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources
Multilateral System under ITPGRFA
Material Transfer Agreements
Plant Genetic Resources
Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Plant Variety Protection
Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants
World Trade Organization

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