In the November issue of New African, Fred Khumalo reflects on the prophetic wisdom of Alan Paton after 70 years ('Cry the Beloved Country Revisited').
After Sharpeville in 1960, the Nobel Peace Prize winner, ANC leader Albert Luthuli, appealed to the international community to totally isolate the South African regime with economic and other sanctions.
This call was supported by visionary Americans like Martin Luther King and Peter Vaughan Ritner, author of The Death of Africa. Instead, Western capital flooded into the country, assisted by propaganda organisations funded by businesses like Anglo-American.
Hennie van Vuuren has comprehensively detailed in his 2017 book Apartheid, Guns and Money how heads of state, arms dealers, aristocrats, plutocrats, senators, bankers, spies, journalists and members of secret lobby groups collaborated to defeat any sanctions that were imposed by the UN and individual governments.
During the next 30 years after 1960, there was a widening of the historical economic inequalities begun by British colonialism and entrenched by the liberal UK governments, who formalised a union of provinces in 1910 against the vigorous protest of the disenfranchised majority, while three and a half million people were forcibly...