Africa's energy challenge.

Position:Energy - Statistical data

The Crisis

2030: The United Nations Energy For All Initiative has set an ambitious target of 2030 for universal access to electricity. On current trends, Africa will struggle to meet this goal.

Africa's share of total primary energy supply globally was just 5.5% in 2013. This is a small increase from 3.4% in 1973.

Across the globe, 1.2bn people are estimated to have no access to electricity.


Half of that number, more than 600m people, are in Africa.


On current trends, this figure could actually increase to 645m by 2030.


On current trends, it will take Africa 2080 years to achieve full access to electricity

50%: South Africa alone accounts for around half of power-generation capacity in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Opportunity

The irony of Africa's energy crisis is that it has some of the largest power generating potential in the world.


Renewable energy potential:

Much of Africa averages more than 320 days of bright sunlight per year, and irradiance levels of almost 2,000 kwh/m2.

At current production levels, the recoverable resources of oil, coal and gas would last:


Africa's hydropower potential in Africa is estimated at 283 GW, able to generate close to 1200 TWh per year--8% of global potential. Only 10% of this potential has been explored.


Sub-Saharan Africa accounted for almost 30% of global oil and gas discoveries made in the last five years and much of the continent...

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