• The exchange of ballast water, a threat to marine biodiversity. Protection of marine biodiversity Norway's possibilities to regulate the exchange of

Lambert Academic Publishing
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(Marianne Myklebust, born in 1983, Norway, holds a degree in Master of Laws from the University of Bergen and Hamline University School of Law in Minnesota, USA. She also has a Master of Laws in Law of the Sea (LL.M.) from the University of Tromsø. Today she works as an associate at the Norwegian Shipowners' Association.)


The issue of this dissertation is what measures Norway, as a port and coastal State, has to regulate the exchange of ballast water by foreign vessels in its coastal areas for the prevention of introduction of alien invasive species, which constitute a threat to the marine biological diversity. On 1 July 2010 Norway’s Ballast Water Management Regulation entered into force. The Regulation, which is enacted in accordance with the Ship Safety and Security Act and the Nature Diversity Act, is the result of Norway acting upon its international obligations, namely the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments to which Norway is as a signatory power. The main focus of this dissertation is the BWC’s rules on ballast water exchange. These rules are necessarily aimed at the vessels carrying the ballast water, which is under the jurisdiction of its flag State. An interesting problem that arises is therefore what measures Norway, as a port and coastal State, has according to international law to regulate and ensure that the BWC’s rules on ballast water exchange are abided by.

MATERIAS: international law, law of the sea, Ballast water, Public Law, biodiversity, shipping